中国普外基础与临床杂志

中国普外基础与临床杂志

甲状腺癌与静脉血栓栓塞症的研究进展

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目的 总结现阶段甲状腺癌与静脉血栓栓塞症(VTE)的研究进展。 方法 复习近年来国内外有关甲状腺癌与静脉血栓栓塞症发生风险相关危险因素的文献并进行综述。 结果 静脉血栓栓塞症对于甲状腺癌患者来说,其发生率虽然不高,但是相关危险因素较少,而且甲状腺癌的各类治疗药物也可能会导致 VTE 的发生。 结论 研究甲状腺癌与 VTE 的相关因素及血栓前状态的发生对降低甲状腺癌中 VTE 发生率和改善预后有必要性。

Objective To summarize the current research progress of thyroid cancer and venous thromboembolism. Methods Retrieved the literatures about risk factors associated with thyroid cancer and venous thromboembolism both at home and abroad in recent years and reviewed the literatures. Results The incidence of venous thromboembolism in patients with thyroid cancer was not high, but there were few factors related to risk factors, and various types of therapeutic drugs for thyroid cancer may also lead to the occurrence of venous thromboembolism. Conclusions The study of thyroid cancer and venous thromboembolism related factors and prethrombotic state occurrence are necessary to reduce the incidence of venous thromboembolism in thyroid cancer and improve prognosis.

关键词: 静脉血栓栓塞; 甲状腺癌; 危险因素; 综述

Key words: venous thromboembolism; thyroid cancer; risk factors; review

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