中国普外基础与临床杂志

中国普外基础与临床杂志

三维可视化技术应用于腹腔镜精准肝切除术的研究进展

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目的 探讨三维可视化技术在腹腔镜精准肝切除术中的作用。 方法 检索国内外有关三维可视化技术应用于腹腔镜精准肝切除术的基础与临床研究相关文献,并对其进行综述和分析。 结果 三维可视化技术应用于腹腔镜精准肝切除能有效缩短手术时间、减少术中出血量、降低输血率和降低总并发症发生率。三维可视化应用于术前评估手术切除面及残肝体积的评估已相对成熟。在三维可视化应用于腹腔镜肝切除术中导航方面,虽有多家机构尝试进行激光测准、图像配准实时术中导航等尝试,但因技术限制尚未广泛应用于临床。 结论 现有研究结果显示,三维可视化技术应用于腹腔镜精准肝切除术可提高病灶可切除性和增加围手术期安全性,但术中导航仍有待进一步发展才有望广泛应用于临床。三维重建对腹腔镜精准肝切除增加患者获益的现有证据仍然有限,仍需更严格的大宗病例的随机对照研究证实。

Objective To investigate the role of 3D visualization technology in the laparoscopic precise hepatectomy. Methods To retrieve the literatures about the application of 3D visualization technology in laparoscopic precise hepatectomy, and summarize and analyze them. Results The application of 3D visualization in laparoscopic precise hepatectomy could effectively reduce the operation time, blood loss, blood transfusion rate, and total complication rate. The application of 3D visualization in preoperative evaluation of the resection surface and residual liver volume had been relatively mature. Although many organizations try to use 3D visualization in laparoscopic hepatectomy, such as laser registration and real-time intraoperative navigation, it had not been widely used in clinic because of technical limitations. Conclusions Existing research results show that, the application of 3D visualization technology in laparoscopic precise hepatectomy can improve the resectability of lesions, increase perioperative safety, but intraoperative navigation is still need to be further developed before it is expected to be widely used in clinical practice. Existing evidence of increased benefit from laparoscopic precise hepatectomy with 3D reconstruction remains limited, and more rigorous randomized controlled trials of large cases are needed to confirm this.

关键词: 三维可视化技术; 腹腔镜; 精准肝切除; 综述

Key words: 3D visualization technology; laparoscope; precise hepatectomy; review

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